We assist hard working taxi drivers with criminal matters, administrative supervision and enforcement cases, and internal and external investigations. Also we assist taxi drivers who are faced with compliance issues at the interface of criminal law and administrative enforcement. We are leading taxi driver defence lawyers, who have experience at appearing in front of licensing committees and appeal hearings up and down the country.

We are experienced at dealing with matters in District Courts, the Administrative Court for Trade and Industry and the Administrative Jurisdiction Division of the Council of State.

If you are a taxi driver, you know that you need to protect your licence, after all, it’s your livelihood! Equally, if you are a taxi driver preparing for a taxi driver test and learning ‘the knowledge’ you would be very concerned if you were to have your licence application refused. In either case, we can assist you. We assist many hard working taxi drivers with the legal complexities that come with taxi licence appeals, including both taxi licence refusal and taxi licence revocation.

We pride ourself on being proactive. We employ preventive measures with our private detective clients to help them avoid litigation altogether. We review client operations, with a focus on policies, procedures and best practices. Our many years of experience tell us that preventing a lawsuit is far less expensive than litigating one. However, when our clients face actions, claims of negligence and/or lawsuits, we have the trial experience and are ready and able to provide defence. Our first goal is usually to eliminate the case before it goes to trial. But if dismissing the case before trial doesn’t happen, we are ready to litigate the case before the courts. We have many years of experience representing and winning cases for our clients from the private detective services industry.

AREAS OF LEGAL PRACTICE

CRIMINAL DEFENCE PRACTICE
Causa Finalis Law Firm has a great deal of expertise to offer adequate legal assistance within the field of General Criminal Law, Economic Offences, Financial Criminal Law, Criminal Tax Law, Fraud and Bribery, Environmental Criminal Law, Occupational accidents and diseases and Employment related criminal law.

ADMINISTRATIVE AND PUBLIC LAW
Causa Finalis Law Firm advises businesses and private individuals in lawsuits against the central state, municipalities, regions, government agencies, public bodies and public corporations in general administrative law. We have a great deal of expertise to offer adequate judicial and extra-judicial assistance within Decisions of administrative bodies, Submitting a notice of objection, Notice of objection and appeal, Licence appeals service (revocation and refuse), Enforcement (administrative coercion, penalties and administrative fines), Adminstrative Contracts, Spatial planning; zoning and exemptions, Certificate of Conduct is refused, Constitutional Law and Human Rights, Public Administration Probity Screening Act and Temporary Restraining Order (TRO) and Area Ban.

CIVIL LITIGATION AND CIVIL PROTECTION ORDER
Causa Finalis Law Firm handles litigation of contentious matters through court actions, and aggressively defend and prosecute her clients’ interests in a wide variety of civil legal proceedings. We assists clients with that are faced with the various aspects in the field of domestic violence, assault, harassment, stalking, or sexual assault.

LABOR LAW AND SOCIAL SECURITY
Digital transformations, new economic models and successive labor legislation reforms are profoundly changing the work environment as well as the relationships between all the players within business organizations. Responding to these major changes requires implementing a real labor project that will enable businesses to increase the flexibility of their labor-management relations, adopt new management methods and place the individual relationship at the heart of their strategies.

CRIMINAL LAW - OUR AREAS OF WORK INCLUDE:

GENERAL CRIMINAL LAW
General criminal law is a collective name for all crimes and offences laid down in the Dutch Criminal Code and a few additional laws.

ECONOMIC OFFENCES
The Dutch Economic Offences Act (WED) provides for criminal prosecution of breaches of regulations contained in specific regulatory legislation. These include the regulations in the Money Laundering and Terrorist Financing Prevention Act, the General Customs Act and the Sanctions Act. Prosecutions under the Dutch Economic Offences Act (WED) are also possible in the event of breaches of legislation on strategic goods (dual use), licensing regulations for imports and exports, and transactions involving countries or individuals subject to sanctions.

FINANCIAL CRIMINAL LAW
It is not rare for banks and financial institutions to come into conflict with the Dutch financial criminal law. They are confronted with a complicated legal framework of laws, recommendations, guidelines and suchlike and are regularly under criminal investigation due to a violation of these rules. Allegations of offences under the Dutch financial criminal law may concern the use of insider knowledge of IPOs or secondary share offerings, prospectus fraud, or other acts that are punishable under the financial supervision law.

CRIMINAL TAX LAW
Involvement with tax criminal law can arise if an incorrect tax return is examined by the tax inspector who then chooses to hand the relevant file over to the Fiscal Intelligence and Investigation Service (FIOD), rather than imposing an administrative penalty. This often leads to a criminal investigation into the possibility of tax fraud.

ENVIRONMENTAL CRIMINAL LAW
Environmental criminal law is increasingly attracting more attention now the protection of the environment gains (political) ground. Companies and individuals are being prosecuted for environmental offences ever more frequently. Dutch environmental criminal law is nevertheless a very specialised sector of the Dutch criminal law, having its roots in an abundance of laws, guidelines and directives.

OCCUPATIONAL ACCIDENTS AND DISEASES
Causa Finalis Law Firm has set up an expert team of lawyers who have gone through specific training, have a forensic background, dedicated digital tools and day-to-day practice.

TRAFFIC CRIMINAL LAW
Causa Finalis Law Firm has gained a great deal of expertise in violations of the Road Traffic and Traffic Signals Regulations and the Road Traffic Act, driving bans, aptitude tests and suchlike.

ADMINISTRATIVE AND PUBLIC LAW - OUR AREAS OF WORK INCLUDE:

PUBLIC PRIVATE PARTNERSHIP
Sometimes the private sector works in coordination with the public sector.

IF YOUR APPLICATION FOR A CERTIFICATE OF CONDUCT IS REFUSED
A certificate of conduct (VOG) is a document by which the Dutch State Secretary for Justice and Security declares that the applicant did not commit any criminal offences that are relevant to the performance of his or her duties.

THE PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION PROBITY SCREENING ACT
The Dutch Public Administration Probity Screening Act (BIBOB Act) is intended to prevent the government from becoming directly or indirectly involved in criminal activities.

INDUSTRY RELATED ADMINISTRATIVE AND PUBLIC LAW - OUR AREAS OF WORK INCLUDE:

TAXI DRIVER LICENCE REVOKED | OBJECTION AND REVIEW
The KIWA has powers to revoke a taxi driver licence, but can a council actually prevent you from being granted a taxi driver licence? As usual with questions of legality, regulation and the variety of circumstances sometimes involved, when it comes to taxi licensing appeals answers are not quite so clear cut. Before issuing a taxi licence to a driver, the KIWA must be satisfied that the applicant is a ‘fit and proper person‘.

TAXI COMPANY LICENCE REVOKED | OBJECTION AND REVIEW
The KIWA has powers to revoke a taxi company licence, but can a council actually prevent you from being granted a taxi driver licence? As usual with questions of legality, regulation and the variety of circumstances sometimes involved, when it comes to taxi licensing appeals answers are not quite so clear cut. Before issuing a taxi licence to a company, the KIWA must be satisfied that the applicant is a ‘proper entity‘.

TTO LICENCE REVOKED | OBJECTION AND REVIEW
A local council (e.g. DBI) has powers to revoke a taxi licence, but can a council actually prevent you from being granted a taxi licence? As usual with questions of legality, regulation and the variety of circumstances sometimes involved, when it comes to taxi licensing appeals answers are not quite so clear cut. Before issuing a taxi licence to a driver, the local council must be satisfied that the applicant is a ‘fit and proper person‘.

TAXI DRIVER LICENCE REFUSED | OBJECTION AND REVIEW
The KIWA has powers to refuse a taxi licence, but can a council actually prevent you from being granted a taxi driver licence? As usual with questions of legality, regulation and the variety of circumstances sometimes involved, when it comes to taxi licensing appeals answers are not quite so clear cut. Before issuing a taxi licence to a driver, the KIWA must be satisfied that the applicant is a ‘fit and proper person‘.

TAXI COMPANY LICENCE REFUSED | OBJECTION AND REVIEW
The KIWA has powers to refuse a taxi company licence, but can a council actually prevent you from being granted a taxi company licence? As usual with questions of legality, regulation and the variety of circumstances sometimes involved, when it comes to taxi licensing appeals answers are not quite so clear cut. Before issuing a taxi licence to a driver, the KIWA must be satisfied that the applicant is a ‘proper entity‘.

TTO LICENCE REFUSED | OBJECTION AND REVIEW
A local council (e.g. DBI) has powers to refuse a taxi licence, but can a council actually prevent you from being granted a taxi licence? As usual with questions of legality, regulation and the variety of circumstances sometimes involved, when it comes to taxi licensing appeals answers are not quite so clear cut. Before issuing a taxi licence to a driver, the local council must be satisfied that the applicant is a ‘fit and proper person‘.

CIVIL LITIGATION - OUR AREAS OF WORK INCLUDE:

REPRESENTING TAXI DRIVERS ACCUSED OF MALPRACTICE

Taxi licence appeals are a specialised area of the law. With taxi drivers in the Netherlands and particularly in Amsterdam perhaps some of the most regulated anywhere in the world it is not unusual for issues to come up with regard to licensing.

Taxi licence appeals can be complex and in order to have the highest chance of success you need to be discussing your case with a dedicated taxi defence lawyer. The taxi licensing authorities have wide reaching authority to revoke and suspend licences. On occasion these powers can be misapplied and these issues can be successfully appealed at the District Court or the Administrative Court for Trade and Industry. Getting the correct advice and intervening at the earliest possible stage can be critical. On occasion, through careful negotiation and mediation a licensing authority may be persuaded to reinstate a taxi licence without going to the District Court or the Administrative Court for Trade and Industry. This of course would depend on the facts of the individual case.

EMOTIONAL ABUSE
Emotional abuse is an attempt to control someone through psychological, not physical, manipulation. This can be in the form of criticism, shaming, threats of punishment and a refusal to communicate.

LABOUR LAW AND SOCIAL SECURITY - OUR AREAS OF WORK INCLUDE:

EMPLOYMENT AND BENEFITS
Causa Finalis Law Firm understands that employment law issues often require a pragmatic and practical approach. We are experienced and committed to provide our clients with high-quality and constructive customized advice, taking the very latest developments in employment law into account.

EMPLOYMENT RELATED CRIMINAL LAW
Causa Finalis Law Firm has created a division dedicated to employment related criminal law, combining the expertise of lawyers experienced in criminal litigation and corporate consulting.

FORENSIC AND INTEGRITY SERVICES

STRATEGIC ALLIANCE
Our strategic alliance with Praetor Maximus Forensic Auditing (PMFA) enables us to co-operate with this auditing firm if this is beneficial to our clients. We combine the qualities of traditional lawyers, forensic consultants and in-house lawyers. Like traditional lawyers, we deliver high quality legal advice. Like forensic consultants, we have the skills, can-do approach and technology support to handle complex projects. Like in-house lawyers, we work together with other areas of expertise like finance, tax, strategy, compliance, audit, risk management, marketing and HR.

FORENSIC AND FINANCIAL CRIME
Praetor Maximus Forensic Auditing (PMFA) assists clients on ways to mitigate their exposure to fraud with a financial dimension, including tax fraud (Sections 68 and 69, General State Taxes Act), money laundering (Section 420bis et seq., Criminal Code) and forgery (Section 225, Criminal Code). Praetor Maximus Forensic Auditing (PMFA) has also a wide-ranging experience in defending clients in criminal investigations into related offences, including deception/embezzlement (Sections 326 and 321, Criminal Code), bankruptcy fraud (Section 340 et seq., Criminal Code), corruption (Sections 177 and 328ter, Criminal Code), breaches of the Money Laundering and Terrorist Financing Prevention Act and sanctions legislation (Sections 1, 1a and 2, Economic Offences Act), and breaches of the Regulation 2016/679 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 27 April 2016 on the protection of natural persons with regard to the processing of personal data and on the free movement of such data, Official Journal No. L.119 of 4 May 2016, p. 1 et seq. (General Data Protection Regulation).

CORPORATE FRAUD AND CRIMINAL LAW
Organizations of all sizes and from all business fields are at risk of Corporate Fraud. In order to prevent, deter and mitigate Corporate Fraud, organizations have to (a) assess their corporate fraud risk, (b) set-up and strengthen their corporate fraud risk management systems and (c) investigate allegations and indication of corporate risk.

INVESTIGATIONS, COMPLIANCE AND DEFENCE
Praetor Maximus Forensic Auditing (PMFA) provides the services required to help private and public organizations identity the nature and extent of fraud and deliver appropriate remedies: Fraud Risk Assessment, Fraud Risk Management, Fraud Investigations, Compliance Assistance, Integrity Due Diligence, Forensic Business Intelligence, Litigation, Negotiation and Reputation Management. In considering whether to authorise an investigation, Praetor Maximus Forensic Auditing (PMFA) will take into account the actual or intended harm that may be caused to: the public, or the reputation and integrity of the Netherlands as an international financial centre, or the economy and prosperity of the Netherlands and whether the complexity and nature of the fraud, bribery or corruption warrants the application of Praetor Maximus Forensic Auditing’s specialist skills, powers and capabilities to investigate and litigate.

DATA PROTECTION AND PRIVACY
The Regulation 2016/679 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 27 April 2016 on the protection of natural persons with regard to the processing of personal data and on the free movement of such data, Official Journal No. L.119 of 4 May 2016, p. 1 et seq. (General Data Protection Regulation) replaces the Data Protection Directive 95/46/EC and is designed to: a) Harmonize data privacy laws across Europe, b) Protect and empower all EU citizens data privacy, and c) Reshape the way organizations across the region approach data privacy. General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) reshapes the way in which sectors manage data, as well as redefines the roles for key leaders in businesses, from Chief Information Officers to Chief Marketing Officers. Chief Information Officers must ensure that they have watertight consent management processes in place, whilst Chief Marketing Officers require effective data rights management systems to ensure they don’t lose their most valuable asset – data. General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) reshapes the way in which sectors manage data, as well as redefines the roles for key leaders in businesses, from Chief Information Officers to Chief Marketing Officers.

FORENSIC TECHNOLOGY AND DISCOVERY SERVICES
Praetor Maximus Forensic Auditing’s Forensic IT department leverages proven methodologies, as well as innovative and proprietary technologies, to identify relevant investigative and dispute resolution evidence in a timely and credible manner. We bring a deep understanding of the complexities of data, technology, business operations, and evidentiary procedure to every engagement.

Related Professionals

Our latest thinking

The Fraud Triangle

The fraud triangle provides a lens from which to examine any fraud. The fraud triangle is comprised of perceived pressure, perceived opportunity and rationalization.

Fraud Recruitment

People typically become involved in already existing fraud schemes as a result of power that is exercised on them by another individual. The five (5) separate types of power include: reward, coercive, expert, legitimate and referent. It is through either one or a combination of several types of power that a potential fraud perpetrator is influenced to become involved in a fraudulent scheme.

Create a culture of honesty, openness, and assistance

People typically become involved in already existing fraud schemes as a result of power that is exercised on them by another individual. The five (5) separate types of power include: reward, coercive, expert, legitimate and referent. It is through either one or a combination of several types of power that a potential fraud perpetrator is influenced to become involved in a fraudulent scheme.

RELATED PRACTICES AREAS | SERVICES